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Table 4 Association between EQ-5D score, global health (VAS), and patient characteristics

From: Health-related quality of life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

  EQ-5D score Global health (VAS)
Mean ± SD P value beta SE Mean ± SD P value beta SE
Age
>  60 years 0.86 ± 0.13 0.184 −0.016 0.012 7.8 ± 1.76 0.039 −3.260 1.571
≤ 60 years 0.88 ± 0.13     8.1 ± 1.62    
Sex
Woman 0.87 ± 0.14 0.244 −0.020 0.017 7.92 ± 1.7 0.681 −0.912 2.218
Man 0.89 ± 0.11     8.01 ± 1.71    
Smoking
Yes 0.88 ± 0.11 0.566 0.012 0.021 8.08 ± 1.55 0.559 1.546 2.640
No 0.87 ± 0.13     7.92 ± 1.71    
Alcohol drinking
Yes 0.87 ± 0.13 0.842 0.003 0.015 7.91 ± 1.6 0.826 −0.415 1.886
No 0.87 ± 0.13     7.95 ± 1.73    
Education
<  6 years 0.86 ± 0.14 0.451 −0.010 0.013 7.71 ± 1.72 0.022 −3.711 1.619
≥ 6 years 0.87 ± 0.13     8.08 ± 1.67    
Disease duration
≥ 10 years 0.86 ± 0.14 0.529 −0.008 0.012 7.83 ± 1.63 0.195 −2.044 1.576
<  10 years 0.87 ± 0.12     8.04 ± 1.76    
Unemployed or retired
Yes 0.85 ± 0.14 0.019 −0.029 0.012 7.85 ± 1.71 0.316 −1.585 1.578
No 0.88 ± 0.12     8.01 ± 1.68    
DAS 28
Non-remission (DAS28 > 2.6) 0.86 ± 0.13 <  0.001 −0.064 0.020 7.87 ± 1.73 0.017 −6.137 2.552
Remission (DAS28 ≤ 2.6) 0.93 ± 0.10     8.49 ± 1.3    
HAQ
>  0.5 0.81 ± 0.15 <  0.001 −0.106 0.011 7.42 ± 1.8 <  0.001 −9.693 1.516
≤ 0.5 0.92 ± 0.09     8.39 ± 1.46    
Rheumatoid factor
Yes 0.87 ± 0.13 0.823 −0.003 0.014 7.9 ± 1.75 0.695 −0.732 1.866
No 0.87 ± 0.14     7.97 ± 1.61    
ACPA
Yes 0.87 ± 0.13 0.323 −0.015 0.015 7.98 ± 1.68 0.645 0.887 1.926
No 0.88 ± 0.13     7.89 ± 1.71    
Hand or feet erosion
Yes 0.86 ± 0.14 0.315 −0.018 0.017 7.88 ± 1.7 0.554 −1.308 2.208
No 0.88 ± 0.11     8.01 ± 1.64    
Diabetes mellitus
Yes 0.89 ± 0.09 0.101 0.025 0.021 8.0 ± 2.04 0.784 0.725 2.641
No      7.93 ± 1.66    
Hypertension
Yes 0.86 ± 0.14 0.294 −0.013 0.013 8.0. ± 1.74 0.498 1.088 1.607
No 0.87 ± 0.13     7.89 ± 1.67    
Dyslipidemia
Yes 0.87 ± 0.13 0.801 0.003 0.013 8.1 ± 1.71 0.105 2.621 1.612
No 0.87 ± 0.13     7.83 ± 1.69    
Stroke
Yes 0.89 ± 0.08 0.712 0.017 0.047 7.63 ± 2.49 0.601 −3.173 6.061
No 0.87 ± 0.13     7.9.4 ± 1.68    
Coronary artery disease
Yes 0.79 ± 0.17 0.048 −0.077 0.039 7.46 ± 2.5 0.323 −4.912 4.967
No 0.87 ± 0.13     7.95 ± 1.69    
Depression
Yes 0.74 ± 0.21 <  0.001 −0.138 0.021 6.78 ± 1.9 <  0.001 −12.608 2.783
No 0.88 ± 0.12     8.04 ± 1.64    
Anxiety
Yes 0.73 ± 0.20 <  0.001 −0.154 0.020 6.83 ± 1.95 <  0.001 −12.248 2.661
No 0.88 ± 0.11     8.05 ± 1.63    
  1. Abbreviation:- EQ-5D EuroQol five dimensional questionnaire, VAS Visual analogue scale, DAS28 Disease activity score28, HAQ Health assessment questionnaire, ACPA anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies, SD standard deviation, SE standard error