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Table 6 The demographics and clinical characteristics in death and survived patients and factor associated with death

From: Group B streptococcus is the most common pathogen for septic arthritis with unique clinical characteristics: data from 12 years retrospective cohort study

Variable (n, %) All (n = 231) Univariate analyses Multivariate analysesa
Death (n = 38) Survived (n = 193) p-value Adjusted Odd ratio (95% confidence interval) p-value
Underlying disease 183, 79.2% 35, 92.1% 148, 76.7% .030 1.01 (0.23–4.51) 0. 981
End staged renal disease 12, 5.2% 5, 13.2% 7, 3.6% .031 3.53 (0.91–13.73) 0.069
Hypertension 110, 47.6% 26, 68.4% 84, 43.5% .007 2.63 (1.12–5.86) 0.047
Axial joint involvement 61, 26.4% 5, 13.2% 56, 29.0% .045 0.45 (0.16–1.32) 0.156
Concomitant infection 57, 24.7% 15, 39.5% 42, 21.8% .025 1.57 (0.67–3.69) 0.343
Positive synovial fluid culture 155, 67.1% 33, 86.8% 122, 63.2% 0.004 5.67 (1.94–16.58) 0.002
Positive hemoculture 157, 68.0% 30, 80.0% 127, 65.8% 0.130 2.95 (1.18–7.38) 0.020
Group B streptococcus 87, 37.7% 5, 5.7% 82, 94.3% < 0.001 0.21 (0.07–0.59) 0.003
Staphylococcus aureus 54, 23.4% 17, 31.5% 37, 68.5% 0.001 1.34 (0.55–3.29) 0.515
  1. aadjusted for age, sex, Group B streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureus group, Underlying disease, Hypertension, End stage renal disease, axial joint involvement, concomitant infection, positive synovial fluid culture and positive hemoculture