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Table 3 Clinical, biological characteristics and traditional cardiovascular risk factors of patients with or without subclinical atherosclerosis

From: Prevalence and associated factors of subclinical atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis at the university hospital of Kinshasa

Variables ATS+ (n = 24) ATS-(n = 51) p
Age (years) 60.4 ± 11.0 47.8 ± 14.4 < 0.0001
Female age ≥ 55 years,n (%) 15 (75.0) 16 (40.0) 0.010
Male age ≥ 45 years,n (%) 4 (100.0) 10 (55.6) 0.137
Established RA, n (%) 15 (62.5) 42 (82.4) 0.005
Median duration of RA (years) 2 (0.3–12.0) 2 (0.2–12.0) 0.850
DAS28-ESR > 2,6 n (%) 23 (95.8) 39 (76.5) >0.034
Severe RA, n (%) 18 (66.7) 29 (56.9) 0.029
Dose of MTX, mg/week 7.8 ± 1.5 8.5 ± 2.2 0.153
Duration of corticosteroid use, month, median (extremes) 1 (1.0–6.0) 2 (0.5–12.0) 0.975
Heart rate, bpm 81.1 ± 15.2 81.3 ± 10.2 0.949
SBP, mmHg 137.9 ± 19.4 125.3 ± 19.5 0.010
DBP, mmHg 79.1 ± 9.4 77.2 ± 10.8 0.447
PP, mmHg 58.3 ± 18.7 49.9 ± 14.2 0.034
Waist cicumference, cm 94.9 ± 11.3 86.7 ± 11.8 0.006
BMI, Kg/m2 26.7 ± 4.9 22.7 ± 4.2 0.001
HBP, n (%) 14 (58.3) 7 (13.7) < 0.0001
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 7 (29.2) 3 (5.9) 0.010
Physical inactivity, n (%) 19 (79.2) 22 (43.1) 0.003
Alcoholism, n (%) 8 (33.3) 13 (25.5) 0.330
Tobacco use, n (%) 1 (4.2) 1 (2.0) 0.541
Global Obesity, n (%) 8 (33.3) 1 (2.0) < 0.0001
Overweight, n (%) 9 (37.5) 13 (25.5) 0.212
PP > 60 mmHg, n (%) 7 (29.2) 15 (29.4) 0.603
Metabolic syndrome, n (%) 9 (37.5) 10 (19.6) 0.008
Low HDL-c, n (%) 7 (29.2) 13 (25.5) 0.471
Hypertriglyceridemia, n (%) 16 (66.7) 20 (39.2) 0.024
Hypercholesterolemia, n (%) 19 (79.2) 31 (60.8) 0.009
High LDL-c,n (%) 18 (75.0) 35 (68.6) 0.390
Glycaemia,mg/dl 85.1 ± 22.4 83.7 ± 21.6 0.798
RF+, n (%) 8 (33.3) 24 (47.1) 0.192
ESR,mm/h1,median (extremes) 40.5 (8–115) 40.0 (13–145) 0.866
CRP, median (extremes) 24.0 (6–72) 21 (6–72) 0.775
  1. RA Rheumatoid arthritis; MTX Methotrexate; HR Heart rate; bpm Beats per minute; PP Pulse pressure;SBP Systolic blood pressure; DBP Diastolic blood pressure; BMI Body mass index; RF Rheumatoid factor; ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate; CRP C reactive protein. HBP High blood pressure; HDLc High density lipoprotein; LDLc Low density lipoprotein; SD Standard deviation