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Table 1 Characteristics of the included studies

From: Rheumatic manifestations of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Year Journal Country Study design Total patients Setting Findings of rheumatologic interest
Alramthan 2020 Clin Exp Dermatol Kuwait case report 2 non-hospital acro-ischemic lesions
Andina 2020 Pediatr Dermatol Spain case series 22 non-hospital chilblains
Beyrouty 2020 J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry UK case series 6 hospital antiphospholipid antibodies
Bomhof 2020 Br J Haematol Netherlands case series 3 hospital immune thrombocytopenia
Bouaziz 2020 J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol France case series 7 non-hospital chilblains
Bowles 2020 NEJM UK case series 35 hospital antiphospholipid antibodies
Cao 2020 Clin Infect Dis China retrospective observational study 102 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Castelnovo 2020 J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Italy case series 2 non-hospital cutaneous vasculitis
Chen 2020 J Infect China retrospective observational study 249 hospital fatigue (onset)
Chen 2020 Acta Ophthalmol China retrospective observational study 535 non-hospital fatigue (prevalence); arthralgia or myalgia (prevalence)
Chen 2020 Infection China retrospective observational study 145 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Chen 2020 Chest China retrospective observational study 1590 hospital fatigue (prevalence on 1365 patients); myalgia or arthralgia (prevalence on 1338 patients)
Chen 2020 J Gerontol a Bio Sci Med Sci China retrospective observational study 203 hospital fatigue (prevalence); myalgia or arthralgia (prevalence)
Chen 2020 BMJ China retrospective observational study 274 hospital myalgia (onset); fatigue (onset)
Chen 2020 Diabetes Care China retrospective observational study 904 hospital myalgia (onset); fatigue (onset)
Colonna 2020 Pediatr Dermatol Italy case series 4 non-hospital chilblains
Cordoro 2020 Pediatr Dermatol USA case series 6 non-hospital chilblains
de Masson 2020 J Am Acad Dermatol retrospective observational study 277 non-hospital chilblains
Dogan 2020 Brain Behav Immun Turkey case series 6 hospital autoimmune encephalitis
Du 2020 Ann Am Thorac Soc China retrospective observational study 109 hospital myalgia (onset); fatigue (onset)
Galeano-Valle 2020 Thromb Res Spain retrospective observational study 24 hospital antiphospholipid antibodies
Galván-Casas 2020 Br J Dermatol Spain retrospective observational study 375 hospital and non-hospital pseudo-chillblain (prevalence); livedo/necrosis: (prevalence)
Garazzino 2020 Euro Surveill Italy retrospective observational study 168 children hospital and non-hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Harzallah 2020 J Thromb Haem France case series 56 not-reported antiphospholipid antibodies
Hu 2020 Phytomedicine China RCT 284 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Huang 2020 J Med Virol China retrospective observational study 344 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Huang 2020 PLOS Negl Trop Dis China retrospective observational study 202 hospital myalgia (onset); fatigue (onset)
Hung 2020 Lancet Hong Kong RCT 127 hospital myalgia (prevalence); malaise (prevalence)
Hur 2020 Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg USA retrospective observational study 486 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Javanian 2020 Rom J Int Med Iran retrospective observational study 100 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Ji 2020 Epidemiol Infect China retrospective observational study 101 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Jones 2020 Hosp Pediatr USA case report 1 hospital Kawasaki disease
Klopfenstein 2020 Clin Res Hepato France retrospective observational study 114 hospital and non-hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Kolivras 2020 JAAD Case Rep USA case report 1 non-hospital chilblains
Lazarian 2020 Br J Haematol France case series 7 hospital autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Li 2020 Clin Infect Dis China retrospective observational study 105 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Li 2020 Br J Haematol USA case report 1 hospital Evans syndrome
Lian 2020 Clin Infect Dis China retrospective observational study 788 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Liguori 2020 Brain Behav Im Italy retrospective observational study 103 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Liu 2020 J Clin Virol China retrospective observational study 140 hospital myalgia (onset); fatigue (onset)
Liu 2020 J Infect China retrospective observational study 245 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Lopez 2020 Br J Haematol USA case report 1 hospital autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Lu 2020 Pediatr Infect China retrospective observational study 110 children hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Meng 2020 Plos Pathog China retrospective observational study 168 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Menter 2020 Histopathology Switzerland case series 21 post-mortem vasculitis of the pulmonary veins and capillaries
Mo 2020 Clin Infect Dis China retrospective observational study 155 hospital fatigue (prevalence); myalgia or arthralgia (prevalence)
Moeinzadeh 2020 Iran J Kidney Dis Iran case report 1 hospital glomerulonephritis and ANCA positivity
Nowak 2020 Pol Arch Intern Poland retrospective observational study 169 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Paderno 2020 Int Forum Allergy Rhinol Italy retrospective observational study 295 hospital and non-hospital arthromyalgia (prevalence and onset)
Palaiodimos 2020 Metabolism USA retrospective observational study 200 hospital myalgia (onset)
Pan 2020 Am J Gastroenterol China retrospective observational study 103 hospital myalgia (prevalence)
Pilotto 2020 Ann Neurol Italy case report 1 hospital autoimmune encephalitis
Qi 2020 Int J Infect Dis China retrospective observational study 147 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Redd 2020 Gastroenterology USA retrospective observational study 318 hospital myalgia (onset); fatigue (onset); arthralgia (onset)
Ren 2020 Intensive Care China retrospective observational study 150 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Rivera-Figueroa 2020 Indian Pediatr India case report 1 hospital Kawasaki disease
Sedaghat 2020 J Clin Neurosci Iran case report 1 hospital Guillain Barre syndrome
Shi 2020 Diabetes Care China retrospective observational study 306 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Shi 2020 JAMA Cardiol China retrospective observational study 416 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Suarez-Valle 2020 J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Spain case series 3 hospital acro-ischemic lesions
Tang 2020 BMJ China RCT 150 hospital fatigue (prevalence on 136 pts)
Tian 2020 J infect China retrospective observational study 262 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Vanegas-Ramirez 2020 J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Germany case report 1 hospital vasculitis
Verdoni 2020 Lancet Italy retrospective observational study 10 hospital Kawasaki disease
Wang 2020 JAMA China retrospective observational study 138 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Wang 2020 Crit Care China retrospective observational study 107 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Wang 2020 J Med Virol China retrospective observational study 889 non-hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Wang 2020 Int J Inf Dis China retrospective observational study 125 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Wang 2020 Diabetes Res Clin China retrospective observational study 132 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Wu 2020 JAMA Intern Med China retrospective observational study 201 hospital myalgia or fatigue (onset)
Yan 2020 BMJ open diabetes res care China retrospective observational study 193 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Yang 2020 J Infect China retrospective observational study 149 hospital myalgia (prevalence)
Yao 2020 Pol Arch Intern China retrospective observational study 108 hospital myalgia or fatigue (prevalence)
Zhang 2020 J Infect Dis China retrospective observational study 112 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Zhang 2020 Diabetes Obes Metab China retrospective observational study 166 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Zhang 2020 NEJM China case series 3 hospital antiphospholipid antibodies
Zhang 2020 J Clin Virol China retrospective observational study 221 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Zhang 2020 J Clin Virol China retrospective observational study 111 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Zhang 2020 Eur Radiol China retrospective observational study 120 hospital myalgia or fatigue (onset)
Zhao 2020 AJR Am J Roentgerol China retrospective observational study 101 hospital myalgia or fatigue (onset)
Zheng 2020 Eur Rev. Med Pharmacol Sci China retrospective observational study 161 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Zheng 2020 Clin Chem Lab Med China retrospective observational study 141 hospital fatigue (prevalence)
Zhou 2020 Lancet China retrospective observational study 191 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Zhou 2020 Eur Radiol China retrospective observational study 100 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Zhou 2020 Clin Exp Hypert China retrospective observational study 110 hospital myalgia (prevalence); fatigue (prevalence)
Zhou 2020 Plos One China retrospective observational study 366 hospital fatigue (prevalence); myalgia and arthralgia (prevalence)
Zhou 2020 Clin Trans Sci China case series 6 hospital ANA and ENA
Zulfiqar 2020 NEJM France case report 1 hospital immune thrombocytopenic purpura