Skip to main content

Table 5 Results of multiple logistic regression for musculoskeletal conditions combined, cross-sectional national survey in Bangladesh, 2015

From: Prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions and related disabilities in Bangladeshi adults: a cross-sectional national survey

Variables Unadjusted   Age and sex adjusted
Odds ratio 95% confidence interval Odds ratio 95% confidence interval
Age groupsa 1.73 1.51–1.99   
Sex (women = 2/ men = 1) 1.62 1.32–1.98   
Education groupsb 0.76 0.69–0.83 0.87 0.78–0.96
Wealth quartiles 0.95 0.87–1.04 0.98 0.90–1.08
Urban residence 1.08 0.88–1.32 1.00 0.81–1.24
Smoking, ever vs never 1.41 1.13–1.75 1.05 0.77–1.43
Strenuous physical activityc 0.66 0.51–0.86 0.97 0.71–1.32
Occupational groupsd 0.96 0.92–0.99 1.00 0.95–1.05
Overweighte (yes = 1/ no = 0) 1.52 1.21–1.93 1.51 1.18–1.92
History of trauma/ injuryf (yes = 1/ no = 0) 1.81 1.32–2.49 1.88 1.36–2.62
Diabetesg (yes = 1/ no = 0) 1.87 1.27–2.77 1.47 0.98–2.20
  1. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals that do not have null value (shown in bold face) are statistically significant (P < 0.05);
  2. a18–34 y = coded as 1, 35–54 y = coded as 2, 55–99 y = coded as 3;
  3. bNo education = 1, any primary = 2, any secondary = 3, above higher secondary = 4
  4. cFifth quintile versus rest of MET minutes per week categories;
  5. dSee Table 1 for groups
  6. eBody mass index≥25.0 kg/m2
  7. fPhysical trauma during last 12 months that needed medical treatment with or without residual damage, e.g., injuries due to accidents while travelling by road, trauma during occupational works while working in farming lands or factories, physical assault, etc
  8. gDefined as random capillary glucose level > =11.1 or medication for diabetes