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Table 3 Researcher-informed recommendations for improving medication adherence research

From: Researchers’ perspectives on methodological challenges and outcomes selection in interventional studies targeting medication adherence in rheumatic diseases: an OMERACT-adherence study

Recommendation CorrespondingTheme/Category
1. Specify the targeted adherence phase in designing interventions and studies 1a
2. Use multiple measures of adherence, considering both objective and subjective measures 1b
3. Use clinically meaningful thresholds for determining adherence/non-adherence(versus the current “one-size-fits-all” approach) 1c
4. Consider study participant burden and fatigue when determining number and types of outcomes 2a
5. Provide a glossary to define key terms when reporting adherence research studies 2c
6. Provide comprehensive descriptions of target, focus, and underlying conceptual framework(s),when designing and describing adherence interventions 2c
7. Consider outcomes that are: 3b
-accurately capture construct (e.g. adherence)  
-relevant (to the target patient population)  
-feasible (to implement)  
-valid (have sound measurement properties)  
-amenable to participants (measurement does not interfere with activities of daily living)