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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics, risk factors and comorbidity and by doctor-diagnosed gout

From: Sleep disorders and gout in Australian adults

  No Gout
(n = 1822)
Gout
(n = 126)
n (%) n (%) pa
Sociodemographics
 Sex    < 0.001
  Female 981 (53.9) 20 (15.9)  
  Male 839 (46.1) 106 (84.1)  
 Age (years)    < 0.001
  18–24 207 (11.4) 5 (4.0)  
  25–34 346 (19.0) 10 (7.9)  
  35–44 366 (20.1) 11 (8.7)  
  45–54 312 (17.1) 14 (11.1)  
  55+ 591 (32.4) 86 (68.3)  
 Location    < 0.001
  Metro 1284 (70.5) 70 (55.6)  
  Rural/Regional 538 (29.5) 56 (44.4)  
 Current domestic status    0.87
  Never/Divorced/Separated/Widow 749 (41.2) 51 (40.5)  
  Married/Partnered 1069 (58.8) 75 (59.5)  
 Incomeb    0.006
  < $30,000 316 (19.8) 31 (25.6)  
  $30,001 - $50,000 303 (18.9) 35 (28.9)  
  $50,001 - $100,000 571 (35.7) 34 (28.1)  
  $100,001+ 410 (25.6) 21 (17.4)  
 Financial strain    0.10
  Spend more than earn/get by 689 (39.8) 59 (47.2)  
  Save a bit/save a lot 1043 (60.2) 66 (52.8)  
Risk factors
 Body Mass Index (kg/m2)    < 0.001
  < 25 663 (41.8) 25 (22.1)  
  25–29 508 (32.0) 39 (34.5)  
  > 30 417 (26.3) 49 (43.4)  
 Alcohol consumption    < 0.001
  None 653 (35.8) 28 (22.2)  
  < 1 standard drink/day 476 (26.1) 26 (20.6)  
  1 - < 2 standard drink/day 110 (6.0) 14 (11.1)  
  > 2 standard drink/day 583 (32.0) 58 (46.0)  
 Smoking (current) 409 (22.7) 30 (23.8) 0.77
Comorbidities
 RLS/PLMS 121 (6.6) 23 (18.3) < 0.001
 Heart Disease 93 (5.1) 24 (19.7) < 0.001
 Arthritis 332 (18.3) 50 (41.0) < 0.001
 Diabetes 159 (8.8) 49 (39.8) < 0.001
 High Blood Pressure 409 (22.5) 82 (65.6) < 0.001
 Obesity 417 (26.3) 49 (43.4)  
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA)
 OSA    < 0.001
  No OSA 1557 (85.5) 77 (61.1)  
  OSA symptoms 169 (9.3) 21 (16.7)  
  OSA diagnosed with PSG 96 (5.3) 28 (22.2)  
  1. Abbreviations: RLS/PLMS Restless Legs Syndrome/Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep, PSG polysomnography
  2. asignificance values calculated from univariate χ2 analyses; b columns which do not add up to totals indicate missing data in this variable