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Table 2 Risk factors for venous thromboembolism in rheumatic disease patients undergoing surgery

From: Perioperative medical management for patients with RA, SPA, and SLE undergoing total hip and total knee replacement: a narrative review

Patient-specific risk factors  
 Active rheumatic disease  
 History of VTEa  
 Active cancer  
 Estrogen  
 Active cancer  
 Smoking  
 Advanced age  
 Black race (Asian race protective)  
 Obesity  
 Non-O ABO blood group  
 Thrombophilia  
Surgery-specific risk factors  
 Orthopedic surgery > other surgery  
 Hip fracture  
 Bilateral arthroplasty  
 Revision arthroplasty  
 General > Axial/regional anesthesia  
  1. aVTE = venous thromboembolism