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Table 2 Prevalence and 95% confidence interval (CI) of musculoskeletal conditions in adults, cross-sectional national survey in Bangladesh, 2015a

From: Prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions and related disabilities in Bangladeshi adults: a cross-sectional national survey

Rheumatic Men (n = 892) Women (n = 951) Both Sexes (n = 1843)a
Disorders n % 95% CI n % 95% CI n % 95% CI
Rheumatoid arthritis 6 0.7 0.1–1.2 23 2.4 1.4–3.4 29 1.6 1.1–2.3
Spondyloarthropathy 13 1.5 0.7–2.2 10 1.1 0.4–1.7 23 1.3 0.8–1.9
Knee osteoarthritis 60 6.7 5.1–8.4 74 7.8 6.1–9.5 134 7.3 6.2–8.6
Low back painb 126 14.1 12.1–16.7 217 22.8 20.3–25.6 343 18.6 16.9–20.5
Cervical spondylosis 14 1.6 0.8–2.4 11 1.2 0.5–1.8 25 1.4 0.8–1.9
Soft tissue rheumatismc 23 2.6 1.5–3.6 47 4.9 3.6–6.3 70 3.8 3.0–4.8
Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder joint 10 1.1 0.4–1.8 16 1.7 0.9–2.5 26 1.4 1.0–2.1
Connective tissue disorder 1 0.1 0–0.3 5 0.5 0.1–1.0 6 0.3 0.2–0.7
Other noninflammatoryd 31 3.5 2.3–4.7 31 3.3 2.1–4.4 62 3.4 2.6–4.3
Other inflammatorye 7 0.8 0.2–1.4 14 1.5 0.7–2.2 21 1.1 0.8–1.7
Any rheumatic disorder 225 25.2 22.4–28.1 336 35.3 32.3–38.4 561 30.4 28.3–32.5
  1. Prevalence shown in bold face having non-overlapping CIs are significantly different (P < 0.05) between sexes;
  2. aMultiple diagnosis in 192 patients. Therefore, the total of diseases exceeds 561;
  3. bThis category includes lumbar spondylosis also because accurate differentiation was not feasible in the field situation, investigation facility, etc.;
  4. cThis includes subacromial bursitis, epicondylitis, trochanteric bursitis, anserine bursitis, and fibromyalgia;
  5. dOsteoarthritis of hip, osteoarthritis of hands, traumatic arthritis, traumatic fracture related condition, trauma of ligaments and soft issue, vague symptoms of myalgia and muscle spasm, vertebral spine related sciatica, vertebral scoliosis, ill-defined rheumatic syndromes;
  6. eMonoarthritis, oligoarthritis, polyarthritis, gout, palindromic rheumatism, adult Still’s disease, vasculitis, primary Sjogren syndrome