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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of enrolled RA patients

From: Cardiovascular disease risk calculators to reflect the subclinical atherosclerosis of coronary artery in rheumatoid arthritis: a pilot study

Variable Total RA patients
(N = 54)
Age 60.4 ± 10.5
Gender (male, %) 13 (24.1%)
BMI 23.0 [21.5; 26.1]
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 128.8 ± 14.9
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74.7 ± 10.0
Disease duration (years) 7.3 ± 7.6
Hypertension 15 (27.8%)
Diabetes Mellitus 5 (9.3%)
Dyslipidemia 18 (33.3%)
Smoking status
 Never smoker 40 (74.1%)
 Ex-smoker 4 (7.4%)
 Current smoker 10 (18.5%)
 Premature angina or heart attack in a 1st degree relative 2 (3.7%)
 RF positivity 44 (81.5%)
 Anti-CCP positivity 42/53 (79.2%)
 ESR (mm/h) 18.5 [4.0; 32.0]
 hsCRP (mg/dL) 0.1 [0.0; 0.3]
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 188.3 ± 41.2
 HDL-C (mg/dL) 64.3 ± 19.0
 LDL-C (mg/dL) 100.1 ± 36.1
 Triglyceride (mg/dL) 106.0 [69.0; 154.0]
 Atherogenic index of plasma −0.1 ± 0.3
 Biologics 16 (29.6%)
 TNF-α inhibitor 4 (7.4%)
 JAK inhibitor 6 (11.1%)
 Tocilizumab 5 (9.3%)
 Abatacept 1 (1.9%)
 Methotrexate 40 (74.1%)
 Sulfasalazine 18 (33.3%)
 Hydroxychloroquine 21 (38.9%)
 Tacrolimus 5 (9.3%)
 Leflunomide 5 (9.3%)
 Oral glucocorticoid 38 (70.4%)
 DAS28-ESR 2.4 [1.4; 3.2]
 DAS28-CRP 1.4 [1.1; 2.2]
 CDAI 3.0 [2.0; 6.0]
 mHAQ 0.0 [0.0; 0.1]
 CAC score 0.0 [0.0; 16.7]
 Framingham risk score 3.2 [1.2; 9.0]
 SCORE for low risk region 1.5 [0.0; 3.0]
 SCORE for high risk region 3.0 [1.5; 4.5]
 ASCVD risk estimator plus 8.2 [3.4; 19.4]
 QRISK3 13.4 [5.9; 22.1]
 ERS-RA 7.7 [3.8; 14.4]
 Reynolds Risk Score 2.0 [1.0; 4.0]
  1. Continuous variables were presented with mean ± standard deviation or median with interquartile range
  2. BMI Body mass index, DAS28 Disease activity score-28, CDAI Clinical Disease Activity Index, mHAQ Modified Health Assessment Questionnaire, CAC Coronary artery calcium, SCORE Systemic Coronary Risk Evaluation, ASCVD Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease, ERS-RA Expanded Cardiovascular Risk Prediction Score for Rheumatoid Arthritis